Abstract A lot of research has been performed on cyanobacteria and microalgae with the
aim to produce numerous biotechnological products. However, native strains have a few
shortcomings, like limitations in cultivation, harvesting and product extraction, which
prevents reaching optimal production value at lowest costs. Such limitations require the
intervention of genetic engineering to produce strains with superior properties. Promising
advancements in the cultivation of cyanobacteria and microalgae have been achieved by...